Variation in Cigarettes, Tobacco Use Behaviors and Exposures in ITC Countries

Abstract

Project 3 extends the ITC survey methodology outlined in Project 1, by undertaking supplementary data collection in six ITC countries, two developed (i.e., US & UK) and four LMICs (i.e., China, Malaysia, Mexico, Thailand) with the goal of examining variation in cigarette characteristics among leading brand varieties, and exploring how these differences relate to tobacco control policies, tobacco uses behaviors, and exposure to selected tobacco smoke constituents in different countries. 

This project has three scientific aims:

  1. Track the tobacco market and establish a repository of leading cigarette brands, linkable to retailer-level evaluations of product marketing and pricing activities. 
  2. Examine the construction and composition of cigarettes by (a) characterizing cigarettes obtained for the repository as well as from individuals for key design and physical features that can influence smoke chemistries and consumer acceptability; and (b) developing a panel of physical features of cigarettes brands that can be used to reliably distinguish legitimate from counterfeit brands. 
  3. Examine person-level variation in smoking behaviors and exposures by (a) examining in a subsample of the ITC cohort participants in Project 1 the extent to which variation in tobacco use behaviors can be explained by measures of nicotine intake and nicotine metabolism; and (b) comparing how tobacco use behaviors, nicotine intake and nicotine metabolism are related to indicators of social deprivation/socioeconomic status, both within and between high resource and LMICs.

Affiliated Center/Program

Principal investigator
Funding Agency

National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health through a subcontract from Roswell Park Cancer Institute.

Start date
09/01/2009
End date
07/31/2015
Total award
$221,707
About this grant

This work is Project 3 of a larger study, Tobacco Policy Evaluation in Low and Middle Income Countries: The ITC Surveys, funded by the National Cancer Institute (Grant No. P01 CA138389) and directed by Richard J. O'Connor, PhD.

Related publications


See publications supported by this grant on this PubMed list.

Shang C, Chaloupka FJ, Fong GT, Thompson M, O'Connor RJ. The association between tax structure and cigarette price variability: findings from the ITC Project. Tob Control. 2015 Jul;24 Suppl 3:iii88-iii93. [See abstract.]

Huang J, Zheng R, Chaloupka FJ, Fong GT, Jiang Y. Differential responsiveness to cigarette price by education and income among adult urban Chinese smokers: findings from the ITC China Survey. Tob Control. 2015 Jul;24 Suppl 3:iii76-iii82. [See abstract.]

Liber AC, Ross H, Omar M, Chaloupka FJ. The impact of the Malaysian minimum cigarette price law: findings from the ITC Malaysia Survey. Tob Control. 2015 Jul;24 Suppl 3:iii83-iii87. [See abstract.]

Curti D, Shang C, Ridgeway W, Chaloupka FJ, Fong GT. The use of legal, illegal and roll-your-own cigarettes to increasing tobacco excise taxes and comprehensive tobacco control policies: findings from the ITC Uruguay Survey. Tob Control. 2015 Jul;24 Suppl 3:iii17-iii24. [See abstract.]

Azagba S, Burhoo P, Chaloupka FJ, Fong GT. Effect of cigarette tax increase in combination with mass media campaign on smoking behaviour in Mauritius: findings from the ITC Mauritius Survey. Tob Control. 2015 Jul;24 Suppl 3:iii71-iii75. [See abstract.]

Shang C, Chaloupka FJ, Fong GT, Thompson M, Siahpush M, Ridgeway W. Weight control belief and its impact on the effectiveness of tobacco control policies on quit attempts: findings from the ITC 4 Country Survey. Tob Control. 2015 Jul;24 Suppl 3:iii41-iii47. [See abstract.]

Cornelius ME, Cummings KM, Fong GT, Hyland A, Driezen P, Chaloupka FJ, Hammond D, O'Connor RJ, Bansal-Travers M. The prevalence of brand switching among adult smokers in the USA, 2006-2011: findings from the ITC US surveys. Tob Control. 2015 Nov;24(6):609-15. [See abstract.]

Cornelius ME, Driezen P, Hyland A, Fong GT, Chaloupka FJ, Cummings KM. Trends in cigarette pricing and purchasing patterns in a sample of US smokers: findings from the ITC US Surveys (2002-2011). Tob Control. 2015 Jul;24 Suppl 3:iii4-iii10. [See abstract.]

Tauras JA, Chaloupka FJ, Quah AC, Fong GT. The economics of tobacco control: evidence from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Policy Evaluation Project. Tob Control. 2014 Mar;23 Suppl 1:i1-3. [See abstract.]

Guindon GE, Driezen P, Chaloupka FJ, Fong GT. Cigarette tax avoidance and evasion: findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation (ITC) Project. Tob Control. 2014 Mar;23 Suppl 1:i13-22. [See abstract.]

Huang J, Chaloupka FJ, Fong GT. Cigarette graphic warning labels and smoking prevalence in Canada: a critical examination and reformulation of the FDA regulatory impact analysis. Tob Control. 2014 Mar;23 Suppl 1:i7-12. [See abstract.]

Sáenz de Miera Juárez B, Thrasher JF, Reynales Shigematsu LM, Hernández Ávila M, Chaloupka FJ. Tax, price and cigarette brand preferences: a longitudinal study of adult smokers from the ITC Mexico Survey. Tob Control. 2014 Mar;23 Suppl 1:i80-5. [See abstract.]

Cornelius ME, Driezen P, Fong GT, Chaloupka FJ, Hyland A, Bansal-Travers M, Carpenter MJ, Cummings KM. Trends in the use of premium and discount cigarette brands: findings from the ITC US Surveys (2002-2011). Tob Control. 2014 Mar;23 Suppl 1:i48-53. [See abstract.]

Huang J, Zheng R, Chaloupka FJ, Fong GT, Li Q, Jiang Y. Chinese smokers' cigarette purchase behaviours, cigarette prices and consumption: findings from the ITC China Survey. Tob Control. 2014 Mar;23 Suppl 1:i67-72. [See abstract.]

Nargis N, Fong GT, Chaloupka FJ, Li Q. The choice of discount brand cigarettes: a comparative analysis of International Tobacco Control surveys in Canada and the USA (2002-2005). Tob Control. 2014 Mar;23 Suppl 1:i86-96. [See abstract.]

Fix BV, Hyland A, O'Connor RJ, Cummings KM, Fong GT, Chaloupka FJ, Licht AS. A novel approach to estimating the prevalence of untaxed cigarettes in the USA: findings from the 2009 and 2010 international tobacco control surveys. Tob Control. 2014 Mar;23 Suppl 1:i61-6. [See abstract.]

Shang C, Chaloupka FJ, Zahra N, Fong GT. The distribution of cigarette prices under different tax structures: findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation (ITC) Project. Tob Control. 2014 Mar;23 Suppl 1:i23-9. [See abstract.]