Monitoring and Assessing the Impact of Tax and Price Policies on U.S. Tobacco Use


The overarching aim of this project is to improve our understanding of the impact of tobacco tax and price policies on tobacco use and related behaviors. This will be done through a combination of original data collection; acquisition of existing archival, survey, and commercial databases; and merged data analyses that build on the multidisciplinary research team's extensive past and ongoing work on these issues as part of the Bridging the Gap/lmpacTeen project, the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Study, and related efforts. There are seven specific aims:

  1. Identify, document, code and track key state and other policies affecting retail tobacco product prices (e.g. excise taxes, minimum pricing policies, direct sales policies, policies addressing reservation sales (including compacts), policies limiting price promotions, and policies strengthening tax and MSA administration and enforcement) for the years 2002 through 2012;
  2. Assess the impact of price-related policies on retail prices of tobacco products, using data collected observationally, from store-based scanner systems, and from tobacco user self-reports;
  3. Assess the impact of tobacco product prices, price-reducing promotions, and related policies on tobacco product purchasing behaviors, including choice of product and brand, type and location of purchase, and use of price reducing promotions;
  4. Estimate the extent of and determinants of tax avoidance (including cross border shopping and reservation, online, mail, phone and dutyfree purchases) and tax evasion (including 'buttlegging' and counterfeit), including the impact of key policies on these activities;
  5. Examine the impact of tobacco product prices, price-reducing promotions, and related policies on tobacco use behaviors, including: prevalence, frequency and intensity of use; youth uptake; cessation intentions, attempts, and success; and substitution among products;
  6. Evaluate the impact of taxes, prices, price-reducing promotions, and related policies on household spending on tobacco products and other goods and services, particularly among poor households; 
  7. Disseminate and communicate policy relevant research findings to many audiences, including policy makers, advocates, public health practitioners, researchers, and the general public.

All analyses will pay particular attention to differential effects on key population subgroups.

Principal investigator
Funding Agency

National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health (Grant No. 1U01CA154248), one of eight awardees of the NCI State and Community Tobacco Control Network.

The funding period of this five-year grant was extended by one year without any additional money.


Co-investigators at UIC
Jamie F. Chriqui, PhD, MHS
Sherry L. Emery, MBA, PhD
Jidong Huang, PhD
David Merriman, PhD
Sandy J. Slater, PhD
John A. Tauras, PhD


Co-investigators (Outside UIC)

Chuck Alexander, MA, Burness Communications
Dianne Barker, MHS, Barker Bi-Coastal Health Consultants

Start date
End date
Total award

Related publications

See publications supported by this grant on this PubMed list

Barker DC, Wang S, Merriman D, Crosby A, Resnick EA, Chaloupka FJ. Estimating cigarette tax avoidance and evasion: evidence from a national sample of littered packs. Tob Control. 2016 Oct;25(Suppl 1):i38-i43. [Read article.]

Chriqui J, DeLong H, Gourdet C, Chaloupka F, Edwards SM, Xu X, Promoff G; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Use of tobacco tax stamps to prevent and reduce illicit tobacco trade--United States, 2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015 May 29;64(20):541-6. [See abstract.]

Huang J, Tauras J, Chaloupka FJ. The impact of price and tobacco control policies on the demand for electronic nicotine delivery systems. Tob Control. 2014 Jul;23 Suppl 3:iii41-7. [See abstract.]

Gourdet CK, Chriqui JF, Chaloupka FJ. A baseline understanding of state laws governing e-cigarettes. Tob Control. 2014;23:iii37–iii40. [See abstract.]

Huang J, Tauras J, Chaloupka FJ. The impact of price and tobacco control policies on the demand for electronic nicotine delivery systems. Tob Control. 2014;23:iii41–iii47. [See abstract.]

Rose SW, Barker DC, D'Angelo H, Khan T, Huang J, Chaloupka FJ, Ribisl KM. The availability of electronic cigarettes in US retail outlets, 2012: results of two national studies. Tob Control. 2014;23:iii10–iii16. [See abstract.]

Chaloupka FJ. Tobacco control policy and electronic cigarettes. JAMA Pediatr. 2014 Jul;168(7):601-2.

Tauras JA, Huang J, Chaloupka FJ. Differential impact of tobacco control policies on youth sub-populations. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013;10(9):4306-4322. [See abstract.]