Carol Braunschweig, PhD, RD

Professor, Associate Head, Kinesiology and Nutrition

Dr. Braunschweig is a professor in the Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition in the College of Applied Health Sciences and an IHRP Fellow. She has joint appointments in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics in the UIC School of Public Health and the Department of Nutritional Sciences at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign.

With a five-year NIH grant, she is conducting a clinical trial focused on the impact of enteral nutrition on clinical and immunologic outcomes in malnourished patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome. She also is the co-primary investigator or co-investigator of five other research grants, which examine such questions as how the environment impacts obesity risks in the disabled, how a school-based nutrition and exercise intervention impacts three- to five-year-old children’s fitness and nutritional status, and how a web-based intervention influences maintenance of weight loss in African American women recruited through Chicago area churches.

Research Interests

Dr. Braunschweig’s research interests focus on three major areas: (1) assessment of how nutritional intake and non-volitional nutritional support (parenteral and enteral feedings) impact overall risks and clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients; (2) the impact of obesity and body composition on disease risks in various populations including women, the disabled and minority populations; and (3) the design, implementation and assessment of exercise and nutrition interventions for obesity prevention and treatment.

Recent and Noteworthy Publications

For a more detailed list of publications by Dr. Carol Braunschweig, see this edited list on PubMed. 

McKeever L, Peterson SJ, Cienfuegos S, Rizzie J, Lateef O, Freels S, Braunschweig CA. Real-Time Energy Exposure Is Associated With Increased Oxidative Stress Among Feeding-Tolerant Critically Ill Patients: Results From the FEDOX Trial. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2020 Jan 29. doi: 10.1002/jpen.1776. [Epub ahead of print]

McKeever L, Peterson SJ, Lateef O, Freels S, Fonseca TL, Bocco BMLC, Fernandes GW, Roehl K, Nowak K, Mozer M, Bianco AC, Braunschweig CA. Higher Caloric Exposure in Critically Ill Patients Transiently Accelerates Thyroid Hormone Activation. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Feb 1;105(2). pii: dgz077. doi: 10.1210/clinem/dgz077.

Sheean P, Gonzalez MC, Prado CM, McKeever L, Hall AM, Braunschweig CA. American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Clinical Guidelines: The Validity of Body Composition Assessment in Clinical Populations. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2020 Jan;44(1):12-43. doi: 10.1002/jpen.1669.

Buscemi J, Odoms-Young A, Stolley MR, et al. Comparative Effectiveness Trial of an Obesity Prevention Intervention in EFNEP and SNAP-ED: Primary Outcomes. Nutrients. 2019;11(5):E1012. Published 2019 May 5. doi:10.3390/nu11051012.

Kong A, Schiffer L, Antonic M, Braunschweig C, Odoms-Young A, Fitzgibbon M. The relationship between home- and individual-level diet quality among African American and Hispanic/Latino households with young children. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2018;15(1):5. Published 2018 Jan 15. doi:10.1186/s12966-018-0645-9. 

Braunschweig CA, Sheean PM, Peterson SJ, Gomez Perez S, Freels S, Lateef O, Gurka D, Fantuzzi G. Intensive nutrition in acute lung injury: a clinical trial (INTACT). JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2015 Jan;39(1):13-20. [See abstract.]

Xicola RM, Gagnon M, Clark JR, Carroll T, Gao W, Fernandez C, Mijic D, Rawson JB, Janoski A, Pusatcioglu CK, Rajaram P, Gluskin AB, Regan M, Chaudhry V, Abcarian H, Blumetti J, Cintron J, Melson J, Xie H, Guzman G, Emmadi R, Alagiozian-Angelova V, Kupfer SS, Braunschweig C, Ellis NA, Llor X. Excess of proximal microsatellite-stable colorectal cancer in African Americans from a multiethnic study. Clin Cancer Res. 2014 Sep 15;20(18):4962-70. [See abstract.]

Grizelj I, Cavka A, Bian JT, Szczurek M, Robinson A, Shinde S, Nguyen V, Braunschweig C, Wang E, Drenjancevic I, Phillips SA. Reduced flow-and acetylcholine-induced dilations in visceral compared to subcutaneous adipose arterioles in human morbid obesity. Microcirculation. 2015 Jan;22(1):44-53. [See abstract.]

Wales PW, Allen N, Worthington P, George D, Compher C; the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, Teitelbaum D. A.S.P.E.N. Clinical Guidelines: Support of Pediatric Patients With Intestinal Failure at Risk of Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Liver Disease. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2014 Apr 2. [Epub ahead of print]

Smith-Ray RL, Fitzgibbon ML, Tussing-Humphreys L, Schiffer L, Shah A, Huber GM, Braunschweig C, Campbell RT, Hughes SL. Fit and Strong! Plus: Design of a Comparative Effectiveness Evaluation of a Weight Management Program for Older Adults with Osteoarthritis. Contemp Clin Trials. 2014 Mar;37(2):178-88. [See abstract.]

Sheean PM, Peterson SJ, Gomez Perez S, Troy KL, Patel A, Sclamberg JS, Ajanaku FC, Braunschweig CA. The prevalence of sarcopenia in patients with respiratory failure classified as normally nourished using computed tomography and subjective global assessment. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2013 Aug 26-2014 Sep;38(7):873-9. [See abstract.]

Braunschweig CA, Sheean PM, Peterson SJ, Perez SG, Freels S, Troy KL, Ajanaku FC, Patel A, Sclamberg JS, Wang Z. Exploitation of diagnostic computed tomography scans to assess the impact of mutritional support on body composition changes in respiratory failure patients. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2014 Sep;38(7):880-5. [See abstract.]

Sheean PM, Kilkus JM, Liu D, Maciejewski J, Braunschweig CA. Incident hyperglycemia, parenteral nutrition administration and adverse outcomes in patients with myeloma admitted for initial auto-SCT. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2013 Aug;48(8):1117-22. [See abstract.]

Fitzgibbon ML, Stolley MR, Schiffer L, Kong A, Braunschweig CL, Gomez-Perez SL, Odoms-Young A, Van Horn L, Kaufer Christoffel K, Dyer AR. Family-based Hip-Hop to Health: outcome results. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013 Feb;21(2):274-83. [See abstract.]

Sheean PM, Peterson SJ, Chen Y, Liu D, Lateef O, Braunschweig CA. Utilizing multiple methods to classify malnutrition among elderly patients admitted to the medical and surgical intensive care units (ICU). Clin Nutr. 2013 Oct;32(5):752-7. [See abstract.]

McMahon MM, Nystrom E, Braunschweig C, Miles J, Compher C; American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) Board of Directors. A.S.P.E.N. clinical guidelines: nutrition support of adult patients with hyperglycemia. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2013 Jan;37(1):23-36.[See abstract.]

Sheean PM, Peterson SJ, Zhao WH, Gurka DP, Braunschweig CA. Intensive medical nutrition therapy: methods to improve nutrition provision in the critical care setting. J Acad Nutr Diet. Jul 2012;112(7):1073-1079. [See abstract.]

Zenk SN, Schulz AJ, Matthews SA, Odoms-Young A, Wilbur J, Wegrzyn L, Gibbs K, Braunschweig C, Stokes C. Activity space environment and dietary and physical activity behaviors: A pilot study. Health Place. 2011;17(5):1150-61. [See abstract.]

Powell LM, Schermbeck RM, Szczypka G, Chaloupka FJ, Braunschweig CL. Trends in the nutritional content of television food advertisements seen by children in the United States. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011;165(12):1078-86. [See abstract.]

Lown DA, Fitzgibbon ML, Dyer A, Schiffer L, Gomez S, Braunschweig CL. Effect of variable energy served on 24-hour energy intake in 16 preschools, Chicago, Illinois, 2007. Prev Chronic Dis. 2011 May;8(3):A58. [See abstract.]

Fitzgibbon ML, Stolley MR, Schiffer LA, Braunschweig CL, Gomez SL, Van Horn L, Dyer AR. Hip-Hop to Health Jr. Obesity Prevention Effectiveness Trial: Postintervention Results. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011;19(5):994-1003. [See abstract.]

Lown DA, Braunschweig CL. Determinants of Physical Activity in Low-income, Overweight African American Girls. Am J Health Behav. 2008;32(3):253-9.[See abstract.]

Liang H, Mojtahedi MC, Chen D, Braunschweig CL. Elevated C-reactive protein associated with decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in men with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2008;89(1):36-41.[See abstract]

Braunschweig C, Lown D. Evidence-based medicine for nutrition support: an overview of the process. Nutr Clin Pract. 2007;22(6):599-601. Review.[See abstract]

Liang H, Chen D, Wang Y, Rimmer JH, Braunschweig CL. Different risk factor patterns for metabolic syndrome in men with spinal cord injury compared with able-bodied men despite similar prevalence rates. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2007;88(9):1198-204.[See abstract.]

Powell LM, Szczypka G, Chaloupka FJ, Braunschweig CL. Nutritional content of television food advertisements seen by children and adolescents in the United States. Pediatrics. 2007;120(3):576-583.[See abstract.]

Wang Y,  Liang H, Tussing L, Braunschweig C, Caballero B, Flay B.  Obesity and Related Risk Factors among Low-Socioeconomic Status Minority Students in Chicago. Public Health Nutr.  2007; 10:(9)927-38.[See abstract.]

Sheean PM, Braunschweig C.  Exploring the clinical characteristics of parenteral nutrition recipients admitted for initial hematopoietic stem cell transplant. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007;107(8):1398-1403.[See abstract.]