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Recent Publications

Tob Control. 2015 Mar;24(2):112-9.
Authors: Chaloupka FJ, Warner KE, Acemoğlu D, Gruber J, Laux F, Max W, Newhouse J, Schelling T, Sindelar J.

The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009 gave the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory authority over cigarettes and smokeless tobacco products and authorised it to assert jurisdiction over other tobacco products. As with other Federal agencies, FDA is required to assess the costs and benefits of its significant regulatory actions. To date, FDA has issued economic impact analyses of one proposed and one... more

PLoS One. 2014 Dec 12;9(12):e114707.
Authors: Xu X, Variyam JN, Zhao Z, Chaloupka FJ.

This study investigates the impact of food price on obesity, by exploring the co-occurrence of obesity growth with relative food price reduction between 1976 and 2001. Analyses control for female labor participation and metropolitan outlet densities that might affect body weight. Both the first-difference and fixed effects approaches provide consistent evidence suggesting that relative food prices have substantial impacts on obesity and such impacts were more pronounced among the low-educated.... more

Res Q Exerc Sport. 2014 Dec;85(4):488-501. 
Authors: Turner L, Johnson TG, Slater SJ, Chaloupka FJ.

Method: Surveys were obtained from respondents in nationally representative samples of elementary schools from 2009-2010 to 2011-2012 (1,831 schools). Results: Few schools (20.8%) provided students with PE class every day, but most (76.3%) had an appropriate PE student-to-teacher ratio ( ≤ 25:1). Many schools (74.0%) offered 20 min of recess daily, but fewer than half offered... more

Transp Res D Transp Environ. 2014 Dec 1;33:17-25.
Authors: Nicholson LM, Turner L, Slater SJ, Abuzayd H, Chriqui JF, Chaloupka F.

The objective of this study is to develop a measure of traffic calming with nationally available GIS data from NAVTEQ and to validate the traffic calming index with the percentage of children reported by school administrators as walking or biking to school, using data from a nationally... more

Transl Behav Med. 2014 Dec;4(4):436-8.
Authors: Buscemi J, Kong A, Fitzgibbon ML, Bustamante EE, Davis CL, Pate RR, Wilson DK.

The Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM) urges elementary schools to provide children with ample opportunities to engage in physical activity during school hours. In addition to promoting overall child health, physical activity also supports academic achievement. In addition to improving their aerobic fitness, regular physical activity improves cognitive function, influences the... more

PLoS One. 2014 Nov 25;9(11):e112916.
Authors: Al-Alem U, Rauscher G, Shah E, Batai K, Mahmoud A, Beisner E, Silva A, Peterson C, Kittles R.

Introduction: Non-Hispanic (nH) Black and Hispanic women are disproportionately affected by early onset disease, later stage, and with more aggressive, higher grade and ER/PR negative breast cancers. The purpose of this analysis was to examine whether genetic ancestry could account for these variation in breast cancer characteristics, once data were stratified by self-reported race/ethnicity and adjusted for potential confounding by social and behavioral factors. ... more

Nicotine Tob Res. 2015 Jul;17(7):803-9.
Authors: Nadell MJ, Mermelstein RJ, Hedeker D, Marquez DX.

Introduction: Physical activity (PA) and smoking are inversely related. However, evidence suggests that some types of PA, namely work-related PA, may show an opposite effect. Despite growing knowledge, there remains a paucity of studies examining the context of these behaviors in naturalistic settings or in young adults, a high-risk group for escalation. Methods: Participants were 188 young... more

Am J Public Health. 2014 Nov;104(11):2170-2178.
Authors: Zenk SN, Powell LM, Rimkus L, Isgor Z, Barker DC, Ohri-Vachaspati P, Chaloupka F.

Objectives: We examined associations between the relative and absolute availability of healthier food and beverage alternatives at food stores and community racial/ethnic, socioeconomic, and urban-rural characteristics. Methods: We analyzed pooled, annual... more

Am J Prev Med. 2015 Jan;48(1):22-30.
Authors: Ohri-Vachaspati P, Isgor Z, Rimkus L, Powell LM, Barker DC, Chaloupka FJ

Background: Children who eat fast food have poor diet and health outcomes. Fast food is heavily marketed to youth, and exposure to such marketing is associated with higher fast food consumption.

Purpose: To examine the extent of child-directed marketing (CDM) inside... more

J Behav Med. 2015 Apr;38(2):318-26.
Authors: Pepper JK, Emery SL, Ribisl KM, Rini CM, Brewer NT.

We sought to understand smokers' perceived likelihood of health problems from using cigarettes and four non-cigarette tobacco products (NCTPs: e-cigarettes, snus, dissolvable tobacco, and smokeless tobacco). A US national sample of 6,607 adult smokers completed an online survey in March 2013. Participants viewed e-cigarette use as less likely to cause lung cancer, oral cancer, or heart disease compared to smoking regular cigarettes (all p < .001). This finding was robust for all demographic groups.... more