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Recent Publications

Tob Control. 2015 Jul;24 Suppl 3:iii71-iii75.
Authors: Azagba S, Burhoo P, Chaloupka FJ, Fong GT.

Background: Mauritius has made great strides in adopting evidence-based tobacco control measures, including an increase inits cigarette excise tax and antitobacco mass media (Sponge) campaign. The primary objective of this study is to examine the combined effect of these measures on smoking behaviour. Methods: This study used longitudinal data from the International Tobacco Control... more

Addict Behav. 2015 Feb 18;45:301-308.
Authors: Passarotti AM, Crane NA, Hedeker D, Mermelstein RJ.

Background: Marijuana use is increasingly widespread among adolescents and young adults; however, few studies have examined longitudinal trajectories of marijuana use during this important developmental period. As such, we examined adolescent trajectories of marijuana use and the psychosocial factors that may differentiate individuals who escalate their marijuana use over adolescence and young... more

Gerontol Geriatr Educ. 2015;36(3):261-77.
Authors: Muramatsu N, Madrigal J, Berbaum ML, Henderson VA, Jurivich DA, Zanoni J, Marquez DX, Madrid KC.

Changes in health care provide unprecedented opportunities for collaboration across research, education, and practice for the common goal of enhancing the well-being of older adults and their caregivers. This article describes how a pilot project, "Promoting Seniors' Health with Home Care Aides," has... more

Tob Control. 2015 Jul;24 Suppl 3:iii41-iii47.
Authors: Shang C, Chaloupka FJ, Fong GT, Thompson M, Siahpush M, Ridgeway W.

Background: Weight concerns are widely documented as one of the major barriers for girls and young adult women to quit smoking. Therefore, it is important to investigate whether smokers who have weight concerns respond to tobacco control policies differently than smokers who do not in terms of quit attempts, and how this difference varies by gender and country. Objective: This study aims to investigate, by gender and country, whether smokers who believe that smoking... more

Front Public Health. 2015 Jan 22;3:8. eCollection 2015.
Authors: Peterson CE, Rauscher GH, Johnson TP, Kirschner CV, Freels S, Barrett RE, Kim S, Fitzgibbon ML, Joslin CE, Davis FG.

This paper examines the effect of neighborhood disadvantage on racial disparities in ovarian cancer-specific survival. Despite treatment advances for ovarian cancer, survival remains shorter for African-American compared to White women. Neighborhood disadvantage is implicated in racial disparities across a variety of health outcomes and may contribute to racial disparities in ovarian cancer-specific survival. Data were obtained from... more

J Med Internet Res. 2015 Jan 20;17(1):e12.
Authors: Kornfield R, Smith KC, Szczypka G, Vera L, Emery S.

Background: In March 2012, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) launched the first-ever paid national tobacco education campaign. At a cost of US $54 million, "Tips from Former Smokers" (Tips) ran for 3 months across multiple media, depicting the suffering experienced by smokers and their families in graphic detail. The potential impact and reach of the Tips campaign was not limited to that achieved through paid media placements. It was also potentially extended through "earned media",... more

Am J Public Health. 2015 Mar;105(3):e9-19.
Authors: Guindon GE, Paraje GR, Chaloupka FJ.

We examined the impact of tobacco prices or taxes on tobacco use in Latin America and Caribbean countries. We searched MEDLINE, EconLit, LILACS, unpublished literature, 6 specialty journals, and review references. We calculated pooled price elasticities using random-effects models. The 32 studies we examined found that cigarette prices have a negative and statistically significant effect on cigarette consumption. A change in price is associated with a less than proportional change... more

Pediatrics. 2015 Feb;135(2):322-30.
Authors: Powell LM, Nguyen BT, Dietz WH.

Background and objective: Pizza consumption is a top contributor to children’s and adolescents’ caloric intake. The objective of this study was to examine children’s and adolescents’ pizza consumption patterns and its impact on their energy and nutrient intake. Methods: Twenty-four–hour dietary recall data for children aged 2 to 11 and adolescents aged 12 to 19 were drawn from the 2003–2004, 2005–2006, 2007–2008,... more

Am J Prev Med. 2015 Apr;48(4):436-44.
Authors: Terry-McElrath YM, Chriqui JF, O'Malley PM, Chaloupka FJ, Johnston LD.

Background: Beginning in the 2014–2015 school year, all U.S. schools participating in federally reimbursable meal programs are required to implement new nutrition standards for items sold in competitive venues. Multilevel mediation modeling examining direct, mediated, and indirect pathways between policy, availability, and student consumption might provide insight into possible outcomes of... more

Neuropsychology. 2015 Sep;29(5):759-66.
Authors: Schuster RM, Crane NA, Mermelstein R, Gonzalez R.

Objective: Co-occurring cannabis and tobacco use has become increasingly prevalent among young adults, but it is not clear how tobacco use may alter the neurocognitive profile typically observed among cannabis users. Although there is substantial evidence citing cannabis and tobacco's individual effect on episodic memory and related brain structures, few studies have examined the effect of combined cannabis and tobacco use on memory. Method: This investigation examined relationships... more