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Recent Publications

Soc Sci Med. 2008 Jul;67(1):79-87.
Author: Kaiser K

"Survivor" has become a ubiquitous and largely unquestioned term in culture and cancer discourse. While anecdotal evidence suggests women with breast cancer find fault with survivor images and discourse, the extent to which women identify with or reject the survivor identity has not been empirically studied. This paper examines whether women treated for breast cancer embrace survivorship. Data comes from 39 in-depth interviews with women in the United States who completed treatment for breast cancer 3-18 months prior to the interview. Despite the positive meanings attached... more

J Law Med Ethics. 2008 Summer;36(2):403-12, 214.
Authors: O'Connor JC, MacNeil A, Chriqui JF, Tynan M, Bates H, Eidson SK.

Elimination of state laws that preempt local antismoking ordinances is a national health objective. However, the tobacco industry and its supporters have continued to pursue state-level preemption of local tobacco control ordinances as part of an apparent strategy to avoid the diffusion of grassroots antismoking initiatives. And, an increasing number of challenges to local ordinances by the tobacco industry and persons supported by the tobacco industry are being decided in state supreme courts and... more

Eval Health Prof. 2008 Jun;31(2):145-66.
Authors: Thrasher JF, Reynales-Shigematsu LM, Baezconde-Garbanati L, Villalobos V, Téllez-Girón P, Arillo-Santillán E, Dorantes-Alonso A, Valdés-Salgado R, Lazcano-Ponce E.

The World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO-FCTC) promotes the implementation of best-practices tobacco control policies at a global scale. This article describes features of the sociocultural and political-economic context of Mexico that pose challenges and opportunities to the effective translation of WHO-FCTC policies there. It also considers how... more

Biometrics. 2008 Jun;64(2):627-34.
Authors: Hedeker D, Mermelstein RJ, Demirtas H.

For longitudinal data, mixed models include random subject effects to indicate how subjects influence their responses over repeated assessments. The error variance and the variance of the random effects are usually considered to be homogeneous. These variance terms characterize the within-subjects (i.e., error variance) and between-subjects (i.e., random-effects variance) variation in the data. In studies using ecological momentary assessment (EMA), up to 30 or 40 observations are often... more

Soc Sci Med. 2008 Jun;66(11):2218-29. [See on PubMed.]
Authors: Beydoun MA, Powell LM, Wang Y.

We examined the effects of prices of fast foods and fruits and vegetables on dietary intake, body mass index (BMI) and obesity risks and whether the associations varied across groups according to their family income. Data from the US Department of Agriculture Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII 1994-96) for 7331 individuals aged 20-65 years with complete data on two 24-h recalls were used. We computed two food price indices (FFPI and FVPI) which were... more

Health Place. 2008 Jun;14(2):336-46.
Authors: Zenk SN, Powell LM.

We examined the availability of fast food restaurants and convenience stores within walking distance (0.5 miles or 805 m) of US public secondary schools. We found that one-third of schools nationwide have at least one fast food restaurant or convenience store within walking distance. In multivariate analyses, schools in the lowest-income versus the highest-income neighborhoods have more fast food restaurants and convenience stores, while schools in African-American versus White neighborhoods generally... more

Ann Rev Public Health. 2008 Apr 21;29:411-428.
Authors: Curry SJ, Keller PA, Orleans CT, Fiore MC.

Health care delivery systems are critical components of tobacco cessation efforts. This review summarizes recent evidence in support of the health care system recommendations in the 2000 U.S. Public Health Service Clinical Practice Guideline, Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence. Measurable progress in addressing tobacco use through the health care system is summarized, including accountabilities for addressing tobacco in national health care reporting systems, increases in reported advice to quit smoking from health care... more

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2008 Apr;17(4):748-57.
Authors: Rauscher GH, Johnson TP, Cho YI, Walk JA.

Background: Survey data used to study trends in cancer screening may overestimate screening utilization while potentially underestimating existing disparities in use. Methods: We did a literature review and meta-analysis of validation studies examining the accuracy of self-reported cancer-screening histories. We calculated summary random-effects estimates for sensitivity and specificity, separately for mammography, clinical breast exam (CBE), Pap smear, prostate-specific antigen... more

Am J Prev Med. 2007 Oct;33(4 Suppl):S251-6. 
Authors: Powell LM, Szczypka G, Chaloupka FJ.

Background: Television viewing is hypothesized to contribute to obesity among children and adolescents through several mechanisms that include the displacement of physical activity, snacking while watching TV, and the influence of food advertising. Methods: This study drew on television ratings to examine the distribution of food advertising exposure among adolescents aged 12 through 17 based on 170 top-rated shows across network,... more

Ann Epidemiol. 2008 Jan;18(1):43-7. 
Authors: Barrett RE, Cho YI, Weaver KE, Ryu K, Campbell RT, Dolecek TA, Warnecke RB.

Purpose: To test whether upward socioeconomic neighborhood change has an effect on probability of distant metastasis at diagnosis of breast cancer among women who live there. Methods: Census tract data (N = 1,137) from Cook County. IL, from 1990 and 2000 and cancer registry data for female breast cancer cases for these census tracts from 1994-... more