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Recent Publications

Environ Behav. 2016;48(1):111-130.
Authors: Chriqui JF, Nicholson LM, Thrun E, Leider J, Slater SJ.

Although zoning is recognized for its role in facilitating healthy communities, no study has examined whether active living–oriented zoning codes are associated with adult leisure time physical activity (PA). This study sought to fill this gap and hypothesized that adult leisure time PA would be greater in communities with more progressive zoning code reforms and more active living–oriented zoning. Zoning codes... more

BMC Cancer. 2015 Dec 29;15(1):1018.
Authors: Stolley MR, Sharp LK, Fantuzzi G, Arroyo C, Sheean P, Schiffer L, Campbell R, Gerber B.

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer survival rates are significantly lower among African-American women compared to white women. In addition, African-American women with breast cancer are more likely than white women to die from co-morbid conditions. Obesity is common among African-American women, and it contributes to breast cancer progression and the development and exacerbation of many weight-related conditions. Intervening upon obesity may decrease breast cancer and... more

Nicotine Tob Res. 2016 May;18(5):637-41.
Authors: Cannon DS, Mermelstein RJ, Medina TR, Pugach O, Hedeker D, Weiss RB.

INTRODUCTION: In very novice smokers, CYP2A6 genotypes that reduce nicotine metabolism to an intermediate rate may increase smoking risk, relative to both normal and slow rates. The present study examined the hypothesis that intermediate metabolism variants are associated with greater pleasurable effects of the initial smoking attempt than either... more

Tob Control. 2015 Oct 30. pii: tobaccocontrol-2015-052531.
Authors: Nikaj S, Chaloupka F.

OBJECTIVES: This paper examines the link between personnel and teacher smoking on school grounds, and student smoking in 62 low-income and middle-income countries. METHODS: We use a two-part model to estimate the effect of smoking by school personnel on youth smoking. In the first part, we model the decision to smoke for all students, using a linear probability model. In the second part, we estimate cigarette consumption among smokers. We employ country fixed effects to address... more

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2015 Oct;24(10):1599-1606.
Authors: Mortel M, Rauscher GH, Murphy AM, Hoskins K, Warnecke RB.

BACKGROUND: In a racially and ethnically diverse sample of recently diagnosed urban patients with breast cancer, we examined associations of patient, tumor biology, and mammography facility characteristics on the probability of symptomatic discovery of their breast cancer despite a recent prior screening mammogram. METHODS: In the Breast Cancer Care in Chicago study, self-reports at interview were used to define patients as having a... more

Med Care. 2015 Oct;53(10):872-8.
Authors: Molina Y, Silva A, Rauscher GH.

BACKGROUND: Racial/ethnic disparities exist along the breast cancer continuum, including time to a diagnosis. Previous research has largely focused on patient-level factors, and less is known about the role that health care facilities may play in delayed breast cancer care. OBJECTIVES: We examined racial/ethnic disparities in delayed diagnosis for breast cancer in the Breast Cancer Care in Chicago Study and estimated the potential... more

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Sep 1;154:214-21.
Authors: Gonzalez R, Schuster RM, Mermelstein RJ, Diviak KR.

BACKGROUND: Deficits in decision-making and episodic memory are often reported among heavy cannabis users, yet little is known on how they influence negative consequences from cannabis use. Individual differences in decision-making may explain, in part, why some individuals experience significant problems from their cannabis use whereas others do not. We hypothesized that poor decision-making would moderate relationships between amount of cannabis use and... more

Prev Med. 2015 Dec;81:82-86
Authors: Nguyen BT, Powell LM.

INTRODUCTION: This paper examined patterns in adults' sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and caloric intake by Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation status and by source of purchases in the United States (US). METHOD: Cross-sectional analysis of consumption of SSBs by source of purchases using 24-hour dietary recall data obtained from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2010 (N=17,891). Bivariate analysis and multivariable regressions were used to examine the association between... more

Authors: Brewer KC, Peterson CE, Davis FG, Hoskins K, Pauls H, Joslin CE.
Ann Epidemiol. 2015 Aug;25(8):556-63.

PURPOSE: Despite significant improvements in treatment for ovarian cancer, survival is poorer for non-Hispanic black (NHB) women compared to non-Hispanic white (NHW) women. Neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) has been implicated in racial disparities across a variety of health outcomes and may similarly contribute to racial disparities in ovarian cancer survival. The purpose of this analysis is to assess the influence of neighborhood SES on NHB-NHW survival differences after accounting for differences in tumor characteristics and in treatment... more

Am J Public Health. 2015 Sep;105(9):1806-13.
Authors: Huang J, King BA, Babb SD, Xu X, Hallett C, Hopkins M.

OBJECTIVES: We assessed sociodemographic disparities in local 100% smoke-free laws prohibiting smoking in all indoor areas of nonhospitality worksites, restaurants, and bars in 10 states. METHODS: We obtained data on local 100% smoke-free laws (US Tobacco Control Laws Database) and subcounty characteristics (2006-2010 American Community Survey) for Alabama, Alaska, Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, North Dakota, South Carolina, Texas, and West... more