Racial/ethnic differences in dietary intake among WIC families prior to food package revisions

J Nutr Educ Behav. 2013 Jan;45(1):39-46. 
Authors: Kong A, Odoms-Young AM, Schiffer LA, Berbaum ML, Porter SJ, Blumstein L, Fitzgibbon ML.

From the accepted, unedited manuscript:

Objective: To compare the diets of African-American and Hispanic families in The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), prior to the 2009 food package revisions.

Methods: Mother-child dyads were recruited from twelve WIC sites in Chicago, Illinois. Individuals with one valid 24-hour recall were included in the analyses (n=331 children, n=352 mothers).

Results: Diets of Hispanic mothers and children were lower (p<0.001) in % calories from fat, added sugars, sodium, and sweetened beverages, but higher (p<0.001) in vitamin A, calcium, whole grains, fruits, and total dairy, compared to their African-American counterparts. However, no groups met national recommendations for % calories from saturated fat, fiber, sodium, whole grains, vegetables, and total dairy.

Conclusions and Implications: There are racial/ethnic differences in dietary intake and future research is needed to determine if diets improve due to package revisions and whether uptake of these changes varies by race/ethnicity.

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