Helping Young Smokers Quit: Identifying Best Practices for Tobacco Cessation (HYSQ)

Abstract

Helping Young Smokers Quit (HYSQ) is a two-phase project designed to address the important need to disseminate effective, developmentally appropriate cessation programs for adolescent smokers. While a growing number of teen cessation programs are available, little is known about: how many programs exist, where they are located, what services they offer, what populations they serve, or how they provide treatment. Moreover, only a handful of such programs have been evaluated. The HYSQ initiative has two primary aims:

  1. To identify and describe tobacco treatment programs available to youth across the United States
  2. To evaluate smoking cessation programs that are tailored for youth to help understand what works.

In Phase I, a national survey of existing adolescent cessation programs was conducted to identify and characterize major program offerings, and the resources and constraints of the “real world” settings in which these services are offered. In Phase II, longitudinal program evaluations are being conducted of practices now being used across the US. The overarching question is “what program component, process, and contextual factors are associated with increased recruitment, retention and quit rates?” The HYSQ initiative fills a gap in knowledge about the numbers and distribution of youth cessation programs, as well as the types of treatment approaches and program components that are currently offered across the US. It will identify effective program models and promising directions for future research. Findings from HYSQ will assist practitioners, researchers, and funding organizations plan future youth smoking cessation programs and activities.

Program Evaluation Toolkit

Helping Young Smokers Quit designed an evaluation toolkit for providers of youth smoking cessation programs. The free toolkit helps program administrators conduct a basic evaluation of their program to figure out the ways it affects the young smokers who take part in it. Learn more.

Affiliated Center/Program

Start date
12/15/2001
End date
12/15/2009
Total award
$10,683,235
About this grant

Susan J. Curry, PhD, was the principal investigator of this grant until July 31, 2008, when she moved to the University of Iowa.

For more information, contact
Amy Sporer, MS
Deputy Director
312-355-3696

Related publications


Curry SJ, Mermelstein RJ, Emery SL, Sporer AK, Berbaum ML, Campbell RT, Flay B, Warnecke RB. A national evaluation of community-based youth cessation programs: end of program and twelve-month outcomes. Am J Community Psychol. 2013 Mar;51(1-2):15-29. [See abstract.]

Houser-Marko L, Curry SJ, Mermelstein RJ, Emery S, Pugach O. A comparison of mandated versus volunteer adolescent participants in youth tobacco cessation programs. Addict Behav. 2011 Sep;36(9):937-40. [See abstract.]

Houser-Marko L, Sporer A, Emery SL, Hund L, Lee J, Curry SJ. Use of program evaluation in community youth tobacco cessation programs. Am J Health Behav. 2010 Mar-Apr;34(2):177-85. [See abstract.]

Emery S, Lee J, Curry SJ, Johnson T, Sporer AK, Mermelstein R, Flay B, Warnecke R. Finding needles in a haystack: a methodology for identifying and sampling community-based youth smoking cessation programs. Eval Rev. 2010 Feb;34(1):35-51. [See abstract.]

Sterling K, Curry S, Sporer A, Emery S, Mermelstein R. Implementation fidelity of packaged teen smoking cessation treatments delivered in community-based settings. Health Educ Res. 2009 Dec;24(6):941-8. [See abstract.]

Curry SJ, Mermelstein RJ, Sporer AK. Therapy for specific problems: youth tobacco cessation. Annu Rev Psychol. 2009;60:229-55. [See abstract.]

Curry SJ, Emery S, Sporer AK, Mermelstein R, Flay BR, Berbaum M, Warnecke RB, Johnson T, Mowery P, Parsons J, Harmon L, Hund L, Wells H. A national survey of tobacco cessation programs for youths. Am J Public Health. 2007 Jan;97(1):171-7. [See abstract.]

Curry SJ, Mermelstein RJ, Sporer AK. Therapy for specific problems: youth tobacco cessation. Annu Rev Psychol. 2009;60:229-55. [See abstract.]

Curry SJ, Sporer AK, Pugach O, Campbell RT, Emery S. Use of tobacco cessation treatments among young adult smokers: 2005 National Health Interview Survey. Am J Public Health. 2007 Aug;97(8):1464-9. [See abstract.]

Diviak KR, Curry SJ, Emery SL, Mermelstein RJ. Human participants challenges in youth tobacco cessation research: researchers' perspectives. Ethics & Behavior. 2004;14(4):32. [See abstract.]

Wagener DK, Sporer AK, Simmerling M, Flome JL, An C, Curry SJ. Human participants challenges in youth-focused research: perspectives and practices of IRB administrators. Ethics & Behavior. 2004;14(4):335–349. [See abstract.]