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Recent Publications

J Public Health Manag Pract. 2014 Jul 9. [Epub ahead of print]
Authors: Darnell J, Campbell RT.

Context: Succession planning has received scant attention in the public health sector, despite its potential to generate operational efficiencies in a sector facing chronic budgetary pressures and an aging workforce. Objectives: We examined the extent to which local health departments (LHDs) are engaged in succession planning and assessed the factors associated with having a succession plan. Design: We... more

Childhood Obesity. 22 July 2014. [Epub ahead of print]
Authors: Turner L, Chaloupka FJ.

Background: Updated standards for meals sold through the USDA’s National School Lunch Program took effect at the beginning of the 2012–2013 school year. The current study assessed the perceptions of school staff regarding student reactions to these changes in school lunches and how perceptions varied across schools. Methods: Mailback surveys were gathered from administrators and food service staff at a nationally... more

Nicotine Tob Res. 16 July 2014. [Epub ahead of print.]
Authors: Grucza RA, Plunk AD, Krauss MJ, Cavazos-Rehg PA, Deak J, Gebhardt K, Chaloupka FJ, Bierut LJ.

Introduction: Smokers exhibit elevated risk for suicide, but it is unknown whether smoking interventions reduce suicide risk. We examined whether state-level policy interventions — increases in cigarette excise taxes and strengthening of smoke-free air laws — corresponded to reduction in suicide risk during the 1990s and early 2000s. We also examined whether the magnitude of such reductions correlated... more

Contemp Clin Trials. 2014 Jun 24. [Epub ahead of print] [See on PubMed.]
Authors: Marquez DX, Wilbur J, Hughes S, Berbaum ML, Wilson R, Buchner DM, McAuley E.

Physical activity (PA) has documented health benefits, but older Latinos are less likely to engage in leisure time PA than older non-Latino whites. Dance holds promise as a culturally appropriate form of PA that challenges individuals... more

Prev Sci. 2014 Jun 18. [Epub ahead of print] [See on PubMed.]
Author: Hedeker D.

This paper discusses statistical models for multilevel ordinal data that may be more appropriate for prevention outcomes than models that assume continuous measurement and normality. Prevention outcomes often have distributions that make them inappropriate for many popular statistical models that assume normality and are more appropriately considered ordinal outcomes. Despite this, the modeling of ordinal outcomes is often not well... more

Contemp Clin Trials. 2014 Jun 18;38(2):355-360. [See on PubMed.]
Authors: Buscemi J, Odoms-Young A, Stolley ML, Blumstein L, Schiffer L, Berbaum ML, McCaffrey J, Montoya AM, Braunschweig C, Fitzgibbon ML.

Low-income youth are at increased risk for... more

Tob Control. 2014;23:iii17–iii25.
Authors: Emery SL, Vera L, Huang JSzczypka G.

Background: Awareness and use of electronic cigarettes has rapidly grown in the USA recently, in step with increased product marketing. Using responses to a population survey of US adults, we analysed demographic patterns of exposure to, searching for and sharing of e-cigarette related-information across media platforms. Methods: An online survey of... more

Tob Control. 2014;23:iii10–iii16.
Authors: Rose SW, Barker DC, D'Angelo H, Khan T, Huang J, Chaloupka FJRibisl KM

Background: Since their introduction in 2007, electronic cigarette (‘e-cigarette’) awareness and use has grown rapidly. Little is known about variation in e-cigarette availability across areas with different levels of tobacco taxes and smoke-free air policies. This paper looks at US... more

Tob Control. 2014;23:iii31–iii36.
Authors: Pepper JK, Emery SL, Ribisl KM, Southwell BG, Brewer NT.

Introduction: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are battery-powered nicotine delivery devices that have become popular among smokers. We conducted an experiment to understand smokers’ responses to e-cigarette advertisements and investigate the impact of ads’ arguments and imagery. Methods: A U.S. national sample of smokers who had never tried e-cigarettes (n=3,253)... more

Tob Control. 2014;23:iii26–iii30.
Authors: Huang J, Kornfield R, Szczypka G, Emery SL.

Background: Rapid increases in marketing of e-cigarettes coincide with growth in e-cigarette use in recent years; however, little is known about how e-cigarettes are marketed on social media platforms. Methods: Keywords were used to collect tweets related to e-cigarettes from the Twitter Firehose between 1 May 2012 and 30 June... more

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