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Recent Publications

Am J Prev Med. 2014 Aug;47(2 Suppl 1):S87-9.
Author: Mermelstein RJ.

Patterns of youth tobacco use in the U.S. are becoming increasingly complex with the greater availability, marketing, and promotion of a diverse set of tobacco products. Using data from the 2012 National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS), the series of papers in this issue present a multifaceted examination of the attitudes and behaviors surrounding the diversity of tobacco products with a nationally representative sample of middle and high school students. Taken together, these papers represent one of the most... more

Patient Educ Couns. 2014 Jul 22. [Epub ahead of print] [See on PubMed.]
Authors: Gordon HS, Pugach O, Berbaum ML, Ford ME.

Ojective: To examine the associations of several characteristics with patients' trust in physician and the healthcare system. Methods: A prospective cohort of patients were followed after an exacerbation of heart failure at one of two... more

Health Place. 2014 Jul 30;29:124-131. [Access full text via PubMed.]
Authors: Powell LM, Wada R, Kumanyika SK.

Obesity prevalence and related health burdens are greater among U.S. racial/ethnic minority and low-income populations. Targeted advertising may contribute to disparities. Designated market area (DMA) spot television ratings were used to assess geographic differences in child/adolescent exposure to food-related advertisements based on DMA-level racial/ethnic and income characteristics. Controlling for unobserved DMA-... more

Public Health Nutr. 2014 Jul 30:1-8. [Epub ahead of print] [See on PubMed.]
Authors: Nguyen BT, Powell LM.

Objective: To examine the effect of fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption on adults' energy intake and dietary indicators.
Design: Individual-level fixed-effects regression model estimation based on two different days of dietary intake data was used. Setting: Parallel to the rising obesity epidemic in the USA, there has... more

Public Health Nutr. 2014 Jul 30:1-11. [Epub ahead of print] [See on PubMed.]
Authors: Kornfield R, Szczypka G, Powell LM, Emery SL.

Objective: To examine levels of exposure and content characteristics for recent televised obesity-prevention campaigns sponsored by state and community health departments, federal agencies, non-... more

PLoS One. 2014 Aug 1. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0098249
Authors: Taber DR, Criqui JF, Vuillaume R, Chaloupka FJ.

Background: Sodas are widely sold in vending machines and other school venues in the United States, particularly in high school. Research suggests that policy changes have reduced soda access, but the impact of reduced access on consumption is unclear. This study was designed to identify student, environmental, or... more

Econ Hum Biol. 2014 Jul;14:50-61.
Authors: Mandal B, Powell LM.

This article studies two pathways in which selection into different types of child care settings may affect likelihood of childhood obesity. Frequency of intake of high energy-dense and low energy-dense food items may vary across care settings, affecting weight outcomes. We find that increased use of paid and regulated care settings, such as center care and Head Start, is associated with higher consumption of fruits and vegetables. Among children from single-mother households, the... more

J Public Health Manag Pract. 2014 Jul 9. [Epub ahead of print]
Authors: Darnell J, Campbell RT.

Context: Succession planning has received scant attention in the public health sector, despite its potential to generate operational efficiencies in a sector facing chronic budgetary pressures and an aging workforce. Objectives: We examined the extent to which local health departments (LHDs) are engaged in succession planning and assessed the factors associated with having a succession plan. Design: We... more

Childhood Obesity. 22 July 2014. [Epub ahead of print]
Authors: Turner L, Chaloupka FJ.

Background: Updated standards for meals sold through the USDA’s National School Lunch Program took effect at the beginning of the 2012–2013 school year. The current study assessed the perceptions of school staff regarding student reactions to these changes in school lunches and how perceptions varied across schools. Methods: Mailback... more

Nicotine Tob Res. 16 July 2014. [Epub ahead of print.]
Authors: Grucza RA, Plunk AD, Krauss MJ, Cavazos-Rehg PA, Deak J, Gebhardt K, Chaloupka FJ, Bierut LJ.

Introduction: Smokers exhibit elevated risk for suicide, but it is unknown whether smoking interventions reduce suicide risk. We examined whether state-level policy interventions — increases in cigarette excise taxes and strengthening of smoke-free air laws — corresponded to reduction in suicide risk during the 1990s and early 2000s. We also examined whether the magnitude of such reductions correlated... more