What helps community-based smoking cessation programs for youth stay in operation?
Experience, state funding and training play critical roles in sustaining community-based smoking cessation programs for youth, report researchers from the UIC Institute for Health Research and Policy in the journal Health... more
BACKGROUND: Native American tribes, as sovereign nations, are exempt from state tobacco excise taxation, and self-govern on-reservation activity in the USA. Under Federal law, state excise taxes are owed by non-members purchasing tobacco on tribal land, but states are limited in how they enforce or collect these taxes. This study highlights the various policy approaches that states have taken to regulate... more
Introduction: The Smart Snacks in Schools interim final rule was promulgated by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) as authorized by the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (PL 111-296) and implementation commenced beginning July... more
Health Promot Pract. 2016 Jun 6. [Epub ahead of print]
Authors: Martin MA, Floyd EC, Nixon SK, Villalpando S, Shalowitz M, Lynch E.
This article describes formative work conducted to inform design of an intervention targeting asthma control in overweight/obese children. Using a PRECEDE-PROCEED framework and a community-based participatory research approach, investigators conducted key informant interviews and focus groups in a low-income urban community. Key informants (N = 18) represented schools and community agencies. Focus groups were conducted with caregivers (4 groups, N = 31) and children (3... more
The abstract of the accepted manuscript:
Background: In response to traditional zoning codes that contribute to car-dependent, sprawling, and disconnected neighborhoods, communities are reforming their land use laws to create pedestrian-friendly areas that promote physical activity. One such reform is the adoption of transit-oriented developments or districts (TODs). TODs are higher-density... more
PURPOSE: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) incidence is increasing, and evidence suggests survival disparities between non-Hispanic (nH) black and white males. However, temporal changes in HNSCCs and factors contributing to survival differences have not been examined at the national level. ... more
INTRODUCTION: Vulnerability factors like respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) may help identify adolescents at risk for nicotine dependence. We examined if resting RSA and the acute effects of smoking on RSA was associated with... more