INTRODUCTION: In very novice smokers, CYP2A6 genotypes that reduce nicotine metabolism to an intermediate rate may increase smoking risk, relative to both normal and slow rates. The present... more
BACKGROUND: In a racially and ethnically diverse sample of recently diagnosed urban patients with breast cancer, we examined associations of patient, tumor biology, and mammography facility characteristics on the probability of symptomatic discovery of their breast cancer despite a recent prior screening mammogram. ... more
BACKGROUND: Racial/ethnic disparities exist along the breast cancer continuum, including time to a diagnosis. Previous research has largely focused on patient-level factors, and less is known about the role that health care facilities may play in delayed breast cancer care. OBJECTIVES: We examined racial/ethnic disparities in delayed diagnosis for breast cancer in the Breast Cancer Care... more
Authors: Rose SW, Emery SL, Ennett S, McNaughton Reyes HL, Scott JC, Ribisl KM.
Am J Public Health. 2015 Oct;105(10):e60-7.
OBJECTIVES: We assessed public and smoker support for enacted and potential point-of-sale (POS) tobacco-control policies under the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act. METHODS: We surveyed a US nationally representative sample of 17 507 respondents (6595 smokers) in January through February 2013, and used linear regression to calculate weighted point estimates and identify factors associated with support for POS policies among adults and smokers. ... more
INTRODUCTION: The electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) market has evolved rapidly in recent years, with exploding growth in brands and product types; however, e-cigarette use among priority (sexual minority and low-income) populations and its relationship with smoking-cessation and tobacco control policies have yet to be fully characterized. METHODS: The authors conducted a nationally representative online... more
INTRODUCTION: Televised direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) for prescription drugs is controversial, especially for tobacco cessation products such as varenicline, given safety concerns that arose only after its market approval. We aim to quantify the extent to which DTCA influenced... more
INTRODUCTION: Emerging evidence suggests bisexual populations are at increased risk for a variety of negative health outcomes, including tobacco use. Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) populations are at increased risk for cigarette smoking, but research on LGB subpopulations' use of tobacco products beyond cigarettes and tobacco use differences across LGB subgroups is in its infancy. This study explores... more
Authors: Rose SW, Emery SL, Ennett S, Reyes HL, Scott JC, Ribisl KM.
BMC Public Health. 2015 Sep 11;15(1):884.
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to document retailer opinions about tobacco control policy at the point of sale (POS) and link these opinions with store level compliance with sales and marketing provisions of the Tobacco Control Act. METHODS: This study conducted interviews of 252 tobacco retailers in three counties in North Carolina and linked their opinions with in-person observational audit data of their stores' compliance with POS policies. We conducted analyses... more
BACKGROUND: Young adults have the highest rates of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use relative to any other age group. Few studies have examined the co-occurrence of substance use with new and emerging tobacco products in this vulnerable group, or the underlying personality factors that may explain these associations. To address this gap, this study examined the association of current alcohol and... more
BACKGROUND: Deficits in decision-making and episodic memory are often reported among heavy cannabis users, yet little is known on how they influence negative consequences from cannabis use. Individual differences in decision-making may explain, in part, why some individuals experience significant problems from their cannabis use whereas others do not. We hypothesized that poor decision-making would... more