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Recent Publications

Obes Rev. 2014 Oct;15 Suppl 4:62-92. 
Authors: Kong A, Tussing-Humphreys LM, Odoms-Young AM, Stolley MR, Fitzgibbon ML.

Behavioural interventions incorporating features that are culturally salient to African American women have emerged as one approach to address the high rates of obesity in this group. Yet, the systematic... more

Health Expect. 2014 Oct 10. [Epub ahead of print]
Authors: Molina Y, Kim S, Berrios N, Calhoun EA.

Medical mistrust is salient among African American women, given historic and contemporary racism within medical settings. Mistrust may influence satisfaction among navigated women by affecting women's perceptions of their health-care self-efficacy and their providers' roles in follow-up of abnormal test results. Objective: To (i) examine whether general medical mistrust and health-care... more

Health Educ Behav. 2014 Oct;41(1 Suppl):62S-69S. 
Authors: Smith-Ray RL, Makowski-Woidan B, Hughes SL.

Introduction: Fall prevention is important for maintaining mobility and independence into old age. Approaches for reducing falls include exercise, tai chi, and home modifications; however, causes of falling are multifactorial and include not just physical but cognitive factors. Cognitive decline occurs with age, but older adults with the greatest declines in executive function experience more falls. The purpose of... more

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2014 Oct 3;11(10):10345-61.
Authors: Pepper JK, Ribisl KM, Emery SL, Brewer NT.

The aim of our study was to explore reasons for starting and then stopping electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use. Among a national sample of 3878 U.S. adults who reported ever trying e-cigarettes, the most common reasons for trying were curiosity (53%); because a friend or family member used, gave, or offered e-cigarettes (34%); and quitting or reducing smoking (30%). Nearly two-thirds (65%) of people who started... more

Addict Behav. 2014 Sep 28. [Epub ahead of print]
Authors: Selya AS, Updegrove N, Rose JS, Dierker L, Tan X, Hedeker D, Li R, Mermelstein RJ.

Introduction: Theories of nicotine addiction emphasize the initial role of positive reinforcement in the development of regular smoking behavior, and the role of negative reinforcement at later stages. These theories are tested here by examining the effects of amount smoked per smoking event on smoking-related mood changes, and how nicotine dependence (ND)... more

Tob Control. 2014 Sep 26. [Epub ahead of print]
Authors: Cornelius ME, Cummings KM, Fong GT, Hyland A, Driezen P, Chaloupka FJ, Hammond D, O'Connor R, Bansal-Travers M.

Background: Recent studies have suggested that about 1 in 5 smokers report switching brands per year. However, these studies only report switching between brands. The current study estimated the rates of switching both within and between brand families and examining factors associated with brand and brand style switching. Methods: Data for this analysis are from the... more

Appetite. 2014 Sep 17. [Epub ahead of print]
Authors: Zenk SN, Horoi I, McDonald A, Corte C, Riley B, Odoms-Young AM

This study examined contributions of environmental and personal factors (specifically, food availability and expense, daily hassles, self-efficacy, positive and negative affect) to within-person and between-person variations in snack food intake in 100 African American women. Participants were signaled at random five times daily for seven days to complete a survey on a study-provided... more

Am J Public Health. 2014 Nov;104(11):2170-2178.
Authors: Zenk SN, Powell LM, Rimkus L, Isgor Z, Barker DC, Ohri-Vachaspati P, Chaloupka F.

Objectives: We examined associations between the relative and absolute availability of healthier food and beverage alternatives at food stores and community racial/ethnic, socioeconomic, and urban-rural characteristics. Methods: We analyzed pooled, annual... more

Prev Med. 2014 Sep 5. [Epub ahead of print]
Authors: Slater S, Chriqui J, Chaloupka FJ, Johnston L.

Objective: Joint use policies (JUP) encourage shared facility use, usually between schools and a city or private organization, for both physical activity-related and non-physical activity-related programs. Little is known about JUP's impact on physical activity (PA). This study examined whether more specific JUPs were associated... more

Transl Behav Med. 2014 Sep;4(3):238-51. 
Authors: Collins LM, Trail JB, Kugler KC, Baker TB, Piper ME, Mermelstein RJ.

The multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) is a framework for not only evaluating but also optimizing behavioral interventions. A tool critical for MOST is the screening experiment, which enables efficient gathering of information for deciding which components to include in an optimized intervention. This article outlines a procedure for making decisions based on data from a factorial screening experiment. The decision making procedure... more

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